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Security Operations Center for Companies: Types and Functions

Security Operations Center for Companies: Types and Functions

Security Operations Center for Companies: Types And Functions—As Gene Spafford said, “The only completely secure system is turned off, locked in a cement block, and sealed in a room surrounded by barbed wire and armed guards.”

Prevent, monitor, protect, and respond—these are the primary tasks of a company’s cybersecurity SOC or security operations center. Do not worry if you know little about its operation; this article will provide information. We will discuss the types of SOCs, their functions, and how to choose the most suitable one for your organization.

What is SOC: Concept and Evolution

Traditionally, we have defined the security operations center as a team dedicated to an organization’s surveillance and security control. In this center, you can monitor the entire company’s security activities and take measures to respond to threats.

Security Operations Center for Companies

Over the years, security operations centers have significantly evolved. Cybersecurity sites have become more complex, and attacks are becoming more sophisticated. Companies have looked for ways to improve their SOCs to stay one step ahead of cybercriminals.

Technology has been a critical factor in this evolution since it has allowed companies to improve the efficiency of their centers significantly:

  • Threat detection and response tools have enabled security teams to quickly detect and respond to attacks.
  • Artificial intelligence and machine learning have also significantly impacted cybersecurity SOCs to analyze vast amounts of data and detect abnormal behavior patterns.
  • Another notable factor is increased awareness of the importance of cybersecurity. The more companies affected by cyber attacks, the more steps have been taken to improve their SOCs. This has led to an increased demand for cybersecurity professionals, fuelling the development of new solutions and technologies.

In short, security operations centers have undergone a significant evolution in recent years due to technology, improved awareness of the importance of cybersecurity, and the demand for professionals in the sector. But this is not all, as evolution will continue to drive the development of new security solutions and technologies, allowing companies to significantly improve their ability to detect and respond to cyber threats.

The General Functionalities of a SOC in Cybersecurity

We can divide the responsibilities and functions of the security operations center into three main categories:

  • Preparation, planning, and prevention. This phase includes creating an inventory with all the elements and requirements that must be protected, from servers and devices to applications and databases. It also includes preventive maintenance and incident response planning.
  • Monitoring, detection, and response. I supervise the company’s IT infrastructure 24x7x365, log management, data analysis, threat detection, vulnerability management, etc.
  • Recovery and Compliance. When a cybersecurity incident is contained, the SOC manages the risk and ensures that the affected assets can return to normality as soon as possible. This phase also includes compliance management.

In short, the main functions of a security operations center are to coordinate and supervise an organization’s security activities and analyze and respond to threats and incidents. However, it can provide advice, security training, and policy implementation.

Internal and External SOC

As we have already seen, a security operations center is a team of cybersecurity experts who use different tools to manage all stages of risk monitoring, analysis, and incident response. However, the SOC does not have to be an internal company team. It can also be an external outsourced team or even a hybrid model, with some tasks managed internally and others externally.

In any case, we are going to delve into the different types of SOC:

  • It is an expert team that trains in cybersecurity. It is part of the company and is responsible for supervising and coordinating its security activities.
  • It is an external team to the company that is subcontracted to supervise and manage the organization’s security. Its functions are surveillance, access control, threat detection, incident response, etc.

These centers generally have various security systems, such as video monitors, alarms, and access control systems. Security operators at these centers can monitor security activities, coordinate responses to threats, and investigate incidents.

Choose a Differentiating SOC Service in Real-Time

Did you know that over 77% of cyberattacks worldwide are directed against companies? Did you also know that 46% of incidents affect small and medium-sized companies?

To do this, it uses market-leading tools offered as a service according to the company’s needs. It is an innovative security operations center that combines threat intelligence and rapid response to security incidents in a real 24-hour mode.

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