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Computing – Brief Explanation

Computing – Brief Explanation

What is Computing?

The concept of computing comes from the Latin computation, which refers to computation as an account. Computing is the science of studying systems, more precisely, computers that automatically manage information.

What is Computing_

Within computer sciences, different areas of study can be distinguished:

Data Structure and Algorithms.

Necessary research in computing is data structure and algorithms. For this purpose, these last two are analyzed to solve the precise problems. In this area, mathematical analysis is essential.

Operating Systems.

Operating System (OS) is also considered one of the most dangerous areas. They are created and continually updated to perfect operation, improving faults and adapting them to new market needs.

Computer Architecture.

Regarding ​​computer architecture, new computers are being created faster and with better capabilities. Attention usually focuses on components such as memories, CPUs, and computer peripherals (input & output).

Programming Languages​.

Another simple area in the study of computing is programming languages. The objective is to create new, more effective, faster programming languages with superior functionalities and capabilities.

History of Computing

The computer was created at Harvard University.

Although computers and their study have been ordinary in recent decades, computer science has a long history. Since ancient civilizations, such as the Romans and Greeks, they used mechanical instruments to account.

However, the first computer, the analytical engine, was created in the 19th century. This machine arose to prepare mathematical tables. Some years later, the English government used them to carry out accounts. In the late 1940s, the computer was created at Harvard University. Attempts would continue throughout the USA with govt support.

When the number of designs began to rise, they began to be classified by their features in generations:

First Generation.

Throughout the 1950s, they were characterized by the fact that they were programmed using machine language and were designed with vacuum tubes. Furthermore, they took up entire rooms due to their large size and were too exclusive. As in the second generation, the material entered the machine through punched cards.

Second Generation.

This generation sailed through the sixties. During this generation, computers could process more information and were slightly smaller. It was during these years that infrastructures between machines began to emerge. At the same time, the first personal computers emerged; however, they were so complex to use that it was necessary to know programming.

Third Generation.

Production began to be serialized during the third generation. Computers could be managed through OS. Many of the methods used in those years became morals still used today.

Fourth Generation.

The arrival of microchips recognizes the fourth generation. This marked a milestone in computer technology. The circuits began to be much smaller and faster and were also much more economical. Production increased sharply, and many more people had access to them. This generation is also known as the Computing Revolution.

The Impact on Everyday Life

Currently, computer technologies have allowed the reworking of traditional concepts of doing. In this way, skills have begun to transform people’s lives profoundly and in all their activities:

  • Traditional mail was replaced by sending and receiving email.
  • The draftsman’s art underwent modification and became the production of digital drawings.
  • The audio editing is entirely digitized.
  • The printing of books was changed into digital publishing & editing on computer media that are simultaneously marketed via the Internet, among many other procedures.

That is to say, the scope of computing is valuable. Modifications in the activities processes have already occurred and continue to advance unusually, constantly transforming our lives and giving us new personal necessities that require us to be aware of these new properties. , both to know and learn about their use and how to take advantage of them in pursuit of better personal and social well-being.

Conclusion

In conclusion, we explain computing, its most important areas of study, and its history and evolution.

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